Head Movement (henceforth, HM) has been one of the most important notion to analyze not only many "flip" phenomena (e.g. Subject-Aux Inversion in European languages) but also the syntax-morphology relationship since Baker(1988).
However, especially in the Minimalist literature, its theoretical status as a syntactic operation has been doubted since Chomsky(1995) though it is still important for various analyses which include a lot of interface studies.
I will show some points of this issue (This article is still a draft, so I keep enriching the content and collecting related papers).
Theoretical problems of HM (Matushansky(2006))
- violate structure preservation: HM changes the projection status of the moving head (from minimal to maximal)
- violate cyclicity: HM does not extend the root of the tree.
Differences between HM and phrasal movement(Matushansky(2006))
- The probe and the target act as one constituent after HM, but not after phrasal movement.
- Neither the probe nor the target can be extracted after HM: ban on excorporation
- HM is more local than phrasal movement: Head Movement Constraint（Travis(1984), Baker(1988)）
- HM feeds affixation; phrasal movement does not.
- HM seems to have no semantic or syntactic effects, but phrasal movement does.
- HM as phonological or PF-related movement: Chomsky(1995), Hale and Keyser(2002), Harley (2002, 2003)
- HM is syntactic, but it can be reduced to other syntactic movement: Koopman(2005), Matushansky(2006)
- HM is NOT phonological but syntactic: Lechner(2005), Fitzpatrick(2006)
- Baker, Mark C.(1988) Incorporation: A Theory of Grammatical Function Changing. The University of Chicago Press.
- Chomsky, Noam(1995) The Minimalist Program. MIT Press.
- Fitzpatrick, Jastin M.(2006) "Deletion Through Movement," Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 24: 399-431.
- Hale, Ken and Samuel Jay Keyser(2002) Prolegomenon to a Theory of Argument Structure. MIT Press.
- Harley, Heidi(2002) “Why one head is better than two: Head movement and compounding as consequences of Merge in Bare Phrase Structure,” A paper presented in the Arizona Linguistics Colloquium Series.
- Harley, Heidi(2003) “Merge, Conflation, and Head Movement: The First Sister Principle Revisited,” NELS 34 Proceedings, 239-254.
- Koopman, Hilda(2005) “Korean (and Japanese) Morphology from a Syntactic Perspective,” Linguistic Inquiry 36(4): pp.601-633.
- Lechner, Winfried(2005) “Semantic Effects of Head Movement,” ms.
- Matushansky, Ora(2006) “Head movement in Linguistic Theory,” Linguistic Inquiry. 37(1): pp.69-109.
- Travis, Lisa(1984) Parameters and Effects of Word Order Variation. Ph.D.Dissertation, MIT.